Por cosas de la vida soy miembro de una red de universidades norteamericanas preocupadas de mejorar la docencia en educación superior.
Aprovechando la situación, puse un mail preguntando por la experiencia que las universidades miembros tienen con los estudiantes que previamente se educaron en sus casas. Me contesta B*:
Hi Andrea, I have experience with this from a variety of perspectives, both as a homeschooling parent and as a faculty member/administrator who’s been involved with the recruitment process. I think that, just like students coming out of the public schools, you’ll find a wide range of abilities in each of those areas.
In general, homeschooled children are often very capable in transitioning to college-which is often closer to homeschooling in terms of its environment and schedule than most forms of public/private educational experiences. In our area homeschooled children begin taking college courses as early as 15, and they do just fine (and in fact often excel).
The weight of evidence shows that by and large homeschooled children have far higher scholastic aptitude scores—by eighth grade, on average, they perform four grade levels above their peers (the best neutral discussion of this is probably by Lawrence Rudner, in the Education policy and analysis archives, see http://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/543).
I think the biggest myth surrounding the homeschooling movement (now I’m speaking as a parent 🙂 is the whole “socialization” thing. Evidence shows that homeschoolers are usually very active in their community—engaging fully in what we would call service learning in ways that simply aren’t possible for students in a more traditional educational setting. In addition, there are many avenues (scouts, dance classes, soccer, 4-H, church groups, community music organizations, etc.) for homeschooling students to interact both with their peers and with individuals of different generations, and depending on where you live, students might be allowed to participate in band/choir/sports at the local high school. In my experience homeschoolers often have far better socialization skills than their peers, and are more comfortable interacting with adults in real-world situations.
The Home School Legal Defense Association maintains an oft-updated web resource that provides links to mainstream literature providing more information about the documented educational and social benefits of home schooling:http://www.hslda.org/research/default.asp.
All that being said, as a faculty member, I have seen one worst-case scenarios of homeschooling—a child who was academically and socially unprepared and who was wilting under the harsh control of an authoritarian parent. Thankfully, those folks are few and far between. In my personal experience, I have seen far more home-schooled students excel at college than otherwise.
I hope this is helpful, if you have any other questions about homeschooling I would be happy to try to answer them.
Have a great day!